Fatwā

Qurbāni on behalf of the deceased

by

DUAI Fatwā Department

QUESTION

May one perform a sacrifice on behalf of the deceased without their instruction?

ANSWER

According to the Shāfiʿī madhhab, to sacrifice an animal on behalf of a deceased person if he had made a wasiyah will be allowed, otherwise a sacrifice may not be offered on his behalf, but we may intend that Allah join him in the reward.

There is an opinion of Abul Hassan Al-‘Abadi that we may join the deceased as a partner of that sacrifice. That is slaughter on his behalf.

Conclusion

If a person want’s to sacrifice on behalf of the deceased, then one may do so without any fear of dislike or prohibition.

قال النووي في المجموع: أما التضحية عن الميت فقد أطلق أبو الحسن العبادي جوازها لأنها ضرب من الصدقة والصدقة تصح عن الميت وتنفعه وتصل اليه بالإجماع . وقال صاحب العدة والبغوي : لا تصح التضحية عن الميت إلا أن يوصى بها وبه قطع الرافعي في المحرر . وقال الشيخ ابراهيم المروروذي وصاحب العدة وآخرون: ولو ذبح عن نفسه وإشترط غيره في ثوابها جاز

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